1822: Pedro I is crowned the Emperor of Brazil.
1834: Slavery is abolished in the Cape Colony.
1913: Ford Motor Company introduces the first moving assembly line.
1918: Iceland becomes a sovereign state.
1973: Papua New Guinea gains self-governance from Australia.
1933: Lou Rawls, American singer-songwriter and actor.
1945: Bette Midler, American singer-songwriter and actress.
1985: Janelle Monáe, American singer-songwriter.
1987: Vance Joy, Australian singer-songwriter.
1987: James Baldwin, American novelist, poet and critic.
01 December is First President’s Day in Kazakhstan, Military Abolition Day in Costa Rica, and World AIDS Day.